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Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration is a common eye disease, usually affecting adults over 60, which causes vision loss in the center of your field of vision.  Blurred vision is a key symptom, but other symptoms include partial loss of vision, inability to see in dim light, distorted vision, seeing spots, straight lines appearing wavy, dry eyes and new or abnormal blood vessels. 

There are two types of macular degeneration that can lead to severe damage of the retina and impaired vision.

Dry macular degeneration is the most common and is often associated with yellow deposits in the back of the eye.  The spots are thought to be particles of damaged tissue from the macular region.  Dry macular degeneration often leads to thinning of the macular tissue, which is the part of the retina responsible for central vision. 

Unfortunately, there is no treatment for dry macular degeneration.  Those with a family history, who smoke, have hypertension, are obese or have a high cholesterol/high fat diet are at higher risk and should schedule a check-up with a Berg Eye Group doctor at least once every 12-months to catch the disease in its infancy.  Dietary supplements of antioxidants and zinc may slow its development.

Wet macular degeneration is less common.  It occurs when the body, in an attempt to supply more nutrients and oxygen to the eyes, begins to grow new vessels in the retina.  This abnormal vessel growth, often associated with leaking blood and fluids, can create scarring and severe central vision loss. 

There is no cure for wet macular degeneration but several treatments are designed to combat the disease.  Early detection is key because once the vision loss has started there is no way to restore it.  Be sure to schedule a regular eye exam at Berg Eye Group at least once per year.  Treatment options are designed for each individual.  Should you be suffering from wet macular degeneration the team of skilled doctors at Berg Eye Group will council you on the best options with the best results for your individual situation.

If you have not had a regular eye exam in the last 12-months or are experiencing any of the symptoms of Macular Degeneration contact Berg Eye Group today at 229-432-7012.