Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that can cause blindness. With all types of glaucoma, the nerve connecting the eye to the brain is damaged, usually due to high eye pressure. The most common type of glaucoma, open-angle glaucoma, often has no symptoms other than slow peripheral vision loss. Most individuals suffering from open-angle glaucoma are completely unaware they are suffering from the disease until permanent damage of the optic nerve has occurred and their peripheral vision starts to deteriorate. Because this type of glaucoma produces no symptoms, regular eye exams at Berg Eye Group are essential.
The other type of glaucoma, Angle-closure glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma, can cause eye pain with nausea and sudden vision problems. Other symptoms can include headaches, halos, dilated pupils and eye redness. The symptoms usually occur in the form of an attack. Patients experiencing this type of glaucoma should seek immediate medical attention from an ophthalmologist.
Glaucoma is often diagnosed by measuring the patient’s intraocular pressure or IOP. A high IOP is a sign of the disease. There is no cure for glaucoma, but early detection is key to reducing the progression of the disease. There are a wide range of treatments available for the disease including medication, laser surgery and traditional surgery. The type of treatment is specifically tailored for each patient based on their individual case and type of glaucoma.
If your case requires surgery, the team at Berg Eye Group offers painless laser procedures that use light to shrink and stretch eye tissue and allowing more drainage of fluid. Other options involve a traditional surgery called trabeculectomy where the surgeon creates a small flap in the white part of the eye. Underneath the surgeon creates a reservoir into which the fluid may drain and then be disbursed, reducing intraocular pressure.
If you have not had a regular eye exam in the last 12-months or are experiencing any of the symptoms of glaucoma contact Berg Eye Group today at 229-432-7012.